R Dataset / Package car / Freedman

On this R-data statistics page, you will find information about the Freedman data set which pertains to Crowding and Crime in U. S. Metropolitan Areas. The Freedman data set is found in the car R package. You can load the Freedman data set in R by issuing the following command at the console data("Freedman"). This will load the data into a variable called Freedman. If R says the Freedman data set is not found, you can try installing the package by issuing this command install.packages("car") and then attempt to reload the data with the library() command. If you need to download R, you can go to the R project website. You can download a CSV (comma separated values) version of the Freedman R data set. The size of this file is about 3,004 bytes.

Crowding and Crime in U. S. Metropolitan Areas


The Freedman data frame has 110 rows and 4 columns. The observations are U. S. metropolitan areas with 1968 populations of 250,000 or more. There are some missing data.




This data frame contains the following columns:


Total 1968 population, 1000s.


Percent nonwhite population, 1960.


Population per square mile, 1968.


Crime rate per 100,000, 1969.


United States (1970) Statistical Abstract of the United States. Bureau of the Census.


Fox, J. and Weisberg, S. (2011) An R Companion to Applied Regression, Second Edition, Sage.

Freedman, J. (1975) Crowding and Behavior. Viking.

Dataset imported from https://www.r-project.org.

Attachments: csv, json

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