R Dataset / Package HistData / Armada

On this R-data statistics page, you will find information about the Armada data set which pertains to La Felicisima Armada. The Armada data set is found in the HistData R package. You can load the Armada data set in R by issuing the following command at the console data("Armada"). This will load the data into a variable called Armada. If R says the Armada data set is not found, you can try installing the package by issuing this command install.packages("HistData") and then attempt to reload the data with the library() command. If you need to download R, you can go to the R project website. You can download a CSV (comma separated values) version of the Armada R data set. The size of this file is about 648 bytes.

La Felicisima Armada


The Spanish Armada (Spanish: Grande y Felicisima Armada, literally "Great and Most Fortunate Navy") was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from La Coruna in August 1588. During its preparation, several accounts of its formidable strength were circulated to reassure allied powers of Spain or to intimidate its enemies. One such account was given by Paz Salas et Alvarez (1588). The intent was bring the forces of Spain to invade England, overthrow Queen Elizabeth I, and re-establish Spanish control of the Netherlands. However the Armada was not as fortunate as hoped: it was all destroyed in one week's fighting.

de Falguerolles (2008) reports the table given here as Armada as an early example of data to which multivariate methods might be applied.




A data frame with 10 observations on the following 11 variables.


designation of the fleet, a factor with levels Andalucia Castilla Galeras Guipuscua Napoles Pataches Portugal Uantiscas Vizca Vrcas


number of ships, a numeric vector


total tons, a numeric vector


number of soldiers, a numeric vector


number of sailors, a numeric vector


total of soldiers plus sailors, a numeric vector


a numeric vector


a numeric vector


a numeric vector


a numeric vector


a numeric vector


Note that men = soldiers + sailors


de Falguerolles, A. (2008) L'analyse des donnees; before and around. Journal Electronique d'Histoire des Probabilites et de la Statistique, 4 (2), www.jehps.net/Decembre2008/Falguerolles.pdf


Pedro de Paz Salas and Antonio Alvares. La felicissima armada que elrey Don Felipe nuestro Senor mando juntar enel puerto de la ciudad de Lisboa enel Reyno de Portugal. Lisbon, 1588.


# delete character and redundant variable
armada <- Armada[,-c(1,6)]armada.pca <- prcomp(armada, scale.=TRUE)
summary(armada.pca)plot(armada.pca, type="lines", pch=16, cex=2)

Dataset imported from https://www.r-project.org.

Attachments: csv, json

<iframe src="https://pmagunia.com/iframe/r-dataset-package-histdata-armada.html" width="100%" height="100%" style="border:0px"></iframe>